Historical Notes

The Achilles' Helmet case is based on the Iliad account of the siege of Troy in which it is said that the ashes of Prince Patroclus and Prince Achilles of Phthia were mingled in the same funerary urn before being placed in Achilles' tomb.

For further reading:
                           The Iliad by Homer
                           The Song of Achilles by Madeline Miller
                            'War Music' by Christopher Logue, a verse translation of the Illiad


The Athenian Connection case involves aspects of the history of religious icons and the way they were painted. Veneration of icons had been suppressed by imperial edict inside the Byzantine Empire  by Leo III (717 -741) but was finally restored by the Second Council of Nicaea in 787. Iconoclastic tendancies lead to the destruction of many icons.

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